A stroke occurs when the body starts bleeding into the brain or when blood flow to the brain is blocked via a clot. Within minutes of being deprived of essential nutrients, brain cells start dying which is commonly known as causing a stroke.
Seek immediate medical assistance as they can be life threatening if not treated. A stroke is a true emergency so call 000 as soon as you can. The sooner treatment is given, the more likely it is that damage can be minimized. Every moment counts.
In the event of a possible stroke, use F.A.S.T. to help remember warning signs.
• Face. Does the face droop on one side when the person tries to smile?
• Arms. Is one arm lower when the person tries to raise both arms?
• Speech. Can the person repeat a simple sentence? Is speech slurred or hard to understand?
• Time. During a stroke every minute counts. If you observe any of these signs, call 000 or 112 you can also call your local emergency number immediately.
Other signs and symptoms of a stroke, which come on suddenly, include:
• Weakness or numbness on one side of the body, including either leg
• Dimness, blurring or loss of vision, particularly in one eye
• Severe headache — a bolt out of the blue — with no apparent cause
• Unexplained dizziness, unsteadiness or a sudden fall, especially if accompanied by any of the other signs or symptoms
• Along with many other symptoms.
Risk factors vary from person to person and there is no set guarantee that people with medical conditions or particular life style will have a stroke. However, some factors which can contribute to the increased risk of having a stroke include: having high blood pressure, having had a
previous stroke, smoking, having diabetes and having heart disease. Your risk of having a stroke also increases as you age.