ANZCOR Guideline 4 – Airway
A Summary of the Airways guidelines consists of who does this guideline apply to?
Which explains that this particular guideline applies to all persons whose need airway management.
Airway management is required to provide an open airway when a person is unconscious, has an obstructed airway, or needs rescue breathing.
Who is the audience for this guideline? This guideline is for use by bystanders, first aiders or first aid providers, first responders and health professionals.
Recommendations that The Australian and New Zealand Committee on Resuscitation (ANZCOR) make the following recommendations:
• In the case of an unconscious person, care of the airway takes precedence over any injury, including the possibility of spinal injury as nothing beats the airways or the heart.
• To assess breathing and airways, leave the person in the position in which they have been found, unless fluid or matter obstructs the airway in which case you will need to clear the airways.
• To clear the airway the mouth should be opened and the head turned slightly downwards to allow any obvious foreign material (e.g. food, vomit, blood and secretions) to drain this also work when a person has been placed in the recovery position. But it is imperative that no foreign objects such as fingers or sticks are used to try and clear the airways.
• If the airway becomes compromised during resuscitation, promptly roll the person onto their side to clear the airway. Once the airway is clear, reassess for responsiveness and normal breathing. Begin resuscitation as appropriate (Guideline 8).
• For an unresponsive adult or child, open the airway using the head tilt-chin lift. For an infant, open the airway by placing the head in the neutral position and support the jaw from falling back.
• Manage Foreign Body Airway Obstructions using the Choking Algorithm.