First aid kits
All workers must be able to access a first aid kit. This will require at least one first aid kit to be provided at their workplace.
Instructions for providing first aid – including cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) flow
Adhesive strips (assorted sizes) for minor wound dressing.
Splinter probes (single use, disposable).
Non-allergenic adhesive tape for securing dressings and strapping.
Eye pads for emergency eye cover.
Triangular bandage for slings, support and/or padding.
Hospital crepe or conforming bandage to hold dressings in place.
Wound/combine dressings to control bleeding and for covering wounds.
Non-adhesive dressings for wound dressing.
Safety pins to secure bandages and slings.
Scissors for cutting dressings or clothing.
Kidney dish for holding dressings and instruments.
Ssmall dressings bowl for holding liquids.
Gauze squares for cleaning wounds.
Forceps/tweezers for removing foreign bodies.
Disposable nitrile, latex or vinyl gloves for infection control.
Sharps disposal container for infection control and disposal purposes.
Sterile saline solution or sterile water for emergency eye wash or for irrigating eye
wounds. This saline solution must be discarded after opening.
Resuscitation mask to be used by qualified personnel for resuscitation purposes.
Antiseptic solution for cleaning wounds and skin.
Plastic bags for waste disposal.
Note pad and pen/pencil for recording the injured or ill person’s condition and treatment given.
Re-usable ice-pack for the management of strains, sprains and bruises.
The first aid kit should provide basic equipment for administering first aid for injuries including:
• cuts, scratches, punctures, grazes and splinters
• muscular sprains and strains
• minor burns
• amputations and/or major bleeding wounds
• broken bones
• eye injuries
The contents of first aid kits should be based on a risk assessment. For example, there may be higher risk of eye injuries and a need for additional eye pads in a workplace where:
• chemical liquids or powders are handled in open containers
• spraying, hosing or abrasive blasting operations are carried out
• there is any possibility of flying particles causing eye injuries
• there is a risk of splashing or spraying of infectious materials
• welding, cutting or machining operations are carried out.
Additional equipment may be needed for serious burns and remote workplaces.
The recommended content of a typical first aid kit and information on additional equipment is provided in Appendix C.
Design of kits
First aid kits can be any size, shape or type to suit your workplace, but each kit should:
• be large enough to contain all the necessary items
• be immediately identifiable with a white cross on green background that is prominently displayed on the outside
• contain a list of the contents for that kit
• be made of material that will protect the contents from dust, moisture and contamination.
In the event of a serious injury or illness, quick access to the kit is vital. First aid kits should be kept in a prominent, accessible location and able to be retrieved promptly. Access should also be ensured in security-controlled workplaces. First aid kits should be located close to areas where there is a higher risk of injury or illness. For example, a school with a science laboratory or carpentry workshop should have first aid kits located in these areas. If the workplace occupies several floors in a multi-storey building, at least one kit should be located on every second floor. Emergency floor plans displayed in the workplace should include the location of first aid kits.
A portable first aid kit should be provided in the vehicles of mobile workers if that is their workplace (for example, couriers, taxi drivers, sales representatives, bus drivers and inspectors). These kits should be safely located so as not to become a projectile in the event of an accident.