Dizziness – First Aid


What is Dizziness?

Dizziness is a feeling of being lightheaded, woozy, or unbalanced.

It can affect the sensory organs, specifically a persons eyes and ears, so it can sometimes cause fainting in some people. Dizziness isn’t a disease, but rather a symptom of something that is not working in the body.

Vertigo and disequilibrium can cause feelings of dizziness, but those two terms describe different symptoms. Vertigo is characterized by a spinning sensation, like the room is moving. Where as disequilibrium is a loss of balance or equilibrium.

True dizziness is the feeling of light headedness or nearly fainting.

Dizziness is common and its underlying cause usually isn’t serious.

Occasional dizziness is not something to worry about. However, you should call your doctor immediately if you’re experiencing repeated episodes of dizziness for no apparent reason or for a prolonged period.

Some other possible causes of dizziness include:

sudden drop in blood pressure
heart muscle disease
decrease in blood volume
anxiety disorders
anemia (low iron)
hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
ear infection
heat stroke
excessive exercise
motion sickness
In rare cases, dizziness could be caused by multiple sclerosis, a stroke, a malignant tumor, or another brain disorder.

Symptoms of dizziness

People experiencing dizziness may feel various sensations, including:

lightheadedness or feeling faint
a false sense of spinning
loss of balance
feeling of floating or swimming
Sometimes, dizziness is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or fainting. Seek emergency medical help if you have these symptoms for extended periods.

When to call a doctor about dizziness

You should call your doctor if you continue to have repeated bouts of dizziness. You should also notify your doctor immediately if you experience sudden dizziness along with:

a head injury
a headache
a neck ache
a high fever
blurred vision
hearing loss
difficulty speaking
numbness or tingling
droopiness of the eye or mouth
loss of consciousness
chest pain
ongoing vomiting

These symptoms could indicate a serious health problem, so it’s important to seek medical attention as soon as possible.

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