A bruise is a common skin injury that results in a discoloration of the skin on the body. Blood from damaged blood cells deep beneath the skin collects near the surface of the skin, resulting in what we think of as a black and blue mark on the body.
Causes of a Bruise
People typically can get bruises when they bump into something or when something bumps into them.
• Bruises can occur in some people who exercise vigorously,
• Unexplained bruises which occur easily or for no apparent reason can indicate a bleeding disorder.
• Bruises in elderly people can frequently occur because their skin has become thinner with age. The tissues that support the underlying blood vessels have become more fragile.
• Bruises are also more common in those taking medicine to thin the blood.
Symptoms of a Bruise
• Initially, a fresh bruise may actually be reddish. But it will then turn blue or dark purple within a few hours, then it can turn a yellow or green after a few days as it heals.
• A bruise is commonly tender, and sometimes even painful for some people for the first few days, but the pain usually goes away as the color fades.
• Because the skin is not broken in a bruise, there is no risk of infection.
Bruises Treatment -- Home Remedies
The treatment for a bruise is most effective right after the injury, while the bruise is still reddish in colour.
• A cold compress such as an ice pack or a bag of frozen vegetables should be applied to the affected area for 20-30 minutes in order to speed healing and reduce swelling. Do not apply ice directly to the skin. Wrap the ice pack in a towel.