I’m sure everyone has had a bloody nose at some point in their life; I’d be very concerned about the amount of excitement in your life if you haven’t. You’ll know you’ve got a nosebleed because, obviously, you’ll bleed from your nose. However, blood doesn’t always come out the nose and, instead, may drip down your throat instead, so you may feel liquid running down the back of your throat. That leads to frequent swallowing. So you may or may no bleed out your nose, but it’s still pretty easy to tell if you’ve got a nosebleed.
Anyway, nosebleeds occur when the blood vessel in the nose bursts; I say bursts, but really, it’s not that violent. The causes can be a variety of things, including:
- An infection in the nose (nose lining, sinuses, and/or adenoids)
- Objects going in the nose (fingers included)
- Collision with the nose
- Fragile blood vessels
- Bleeding and clotting problems
They aren’t generally life threatening, but you should still take first aid measures to control the bleeding. Sit up straight, tilt the head forward slightly, and pinch the bridge of the nose for at least 10 minutes. When pinching the bridge of the nose, you’ll feel the hard cartilage first and then a soft spot as your fingers get closer to your eyes and that’s what you want to pinch. Please don’t poke yourself in the eyes. Breathe through the mouth, loosen clothing around the neck, and place a cold compress over the forehead and around the neck. After 10 minutes, you can release the nose and see if you’re still bleeding or not. If you are still bleeding, seek medical aid. If the bleeding has stopped, don’t blow your nose or sniff too hard or you may start the bleeding all over. If it’s a child who’s gotten a bloody nose, try to keep their fingers away from their nose.
Again, if you’re still bleeding after 10 minutes, go see a doctor. If you get nosebleeds frequently, you should also see a doctor to see if there’s an underlying cause.
Info: Better Health Victoria: https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/nosebleeds